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A protein in the brain may link smoking and diabetes

Nicotine overrides the communication pathway between the brain and pancreas, causing high glucose levels in rats

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3-D printed coral could help endangered reefs

Threats to coral reefs are everywhere — rising water temperatures, ocean acidification, coral bleaching, fishing and other human activities. But new research shows that 3-D printed coral can provide a structural starter kit for reef organisms and can become part of the landscape as fish and coral build their homes around the artificial coral.

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New marker for tumor aggression in neurofibromatosis type 1

A new study of tumor samples from people with the rare genetic syndrome neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) has uncovered novel molecular clues about which tumors are most likely to be aggressive in those with NF1. According to the researchers, the clues could advance the search for more customized and relevant treatments that spare patients exposure to treatments unlikely to work.

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The moon determines when migratory birds head south

A new study shows that the presence or absence of moonlight has a considerable bearing on when migratory birds take flight in the autumn.

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Surveying solar storms by ancient Assyrian astronomers

Researcher finds evidence of ancient solar magnetic storms based on cuneiform astrological records and carbon-14 dating. This work may help with our understanding of intense solar activity that can threaten modern electronics.

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Diabetes: A next-generation therapy soon available?

Insulin is normally produced by pancreatic beta cells. In many people with diabetes, pancreatic cells are not functional, causing a chronic and potentially fatal insulin deficiency that can only be controlled through daily insulin injections. However, this approach has serious adverse effects. In order to improve therapy, researchers have identified a protein called S100A9 which seems to act as a blood sugar and lipid regulator while avoiding the most harmful side effects of insulin.

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Family members’ emotional attachment limits family firm growth

New research shows family-related considerations often trump a desire to grow and expand in family firms.

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Warmer nights prompt forest birds to lay eggs earlier in spring

Rising night-time temperatures are causing woodland birds to build nests and lay eggs earlier in springtime, research shows.

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Use of social media is taking place both online and offline

Social media has changed how people interact. However, social media use is neither static or specifically linked to certain platforms. Emerging technical capabilities, changes in lifestyle and time management as well as the increasing possibilities to engage in online and offline interaction simultaneously affect our use of social media.

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Newly identified compounds could help give fire ants their sting

Native to South America, imported fire ants have now spread to parts of North America and elsewhere around the world. These invasive pests have painful stings that, in some cases, can cause serious medical problems, such as hypersensitivity reactions, infections and even kidney failure. Now, researchers have identified pyridine alkaloids that, along with other venom components, could contribute to these conditions.

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